Touba was inhabited by the end of the Neolithic period till the Iron Era in consecutive layers. It is about one of the most important prehistoric positions in Halkidiki as far as the duration of inhabitancy and magnitude are concerned. At the west of Touba an organized cemetery was found of the Early Cooper Era, the oldest cemetery ever found in Macedonia.
The Ancient Stagira is located about 500m Southeast of today’s settlement of Olympiada, on a small, mountainous and beautiful peninsula, which is called Liotopi. The town took both hills, one coastal at the North and one bigger at the South, which are divided by a low neck.
Olinthos was for a century, the most important town of Halkidiki. Its foundation is lost in the mythical years. Some archaeological findings show that in the townÉ’s position used to be a significant prehistoric settlement, which was the town of the classical years. According to the mythology Olynthos was the son of Strymonas, King of Thrace and he was killed in a lion hunting.
Thoukidides refers to Ancient Mendi as a colony of Eretria, which was founded in Pallini, the most western peninsula in Halkidiki. The exact year of its foundation its not given, however the presence of Eretris and Halkidis in Northern Greece dates within the framework of the BÉ’ colonization, the 8th century b.c.
Akanthos is the most important ancient town-harbor of the Northeast Halkidiki, former colony of the Andris. It was founded in the mid of the 7th century b.c. taking the place of prehistoric settlement. The town expands in a coastal palisade of about 600 meters Northeast from the current town of Ierissos and it was excavated by the XVI Tax Service of Culture and Antiquities.