The Pyrgos Prosforeiou is a museum housed in a restored Byzantine tower, at Ouranoupoli.
The temple, which is the oldest temple of Poseidon, is Posidi, located in the area was called ancient Mendi. The temple was open for more than 1000 years, and there are references by Thucydides and Mount Athos documents of the 14th century.
One of the most important temples are located in Halkidiki , is that of Ammon Zeus in Kallithea. According to archaeologists, during the second half of the 8th century BC was founded by colonists Euboeans city Afytis sanctuary of Dionysus was worshiped together with the Nymphs in the cavern beneath the rock, on the southwest side of the site .
Touba was inhabited by the end of the Neolithic period till the Iron Era in consecutive layers. It is about one of the most important prehistoric positions in Halkidiki as far as the duration of inhabitancy and magnitude are concerned.
Toroni is located at the Southwest of Sithonia peninsula. It was founded by Halkidis of Evoia during the 8th É-7th century b.c. In 480 b.c. the town helped the Persians against the expedition of Xerxis against Greece and few years later became a member of the Athenian alley.
The ancient Stageira is located about 500m Southeast of today’s settlement of Olympiada, on a small, mountainous and beautiful peninsula, which is called Liotopi. The town took both hills, one coastal at the North and one bigger at the South, which are divided by a low neck.
Potidaia was founded around 600 b.c. by Corinthians colonists. During the Persian Wars Potidaia played an important role, while its defection in 432-31 b.c from the AÉ’ Athenian Alley was one of the reasons that caused the Peloponnesian War.
Olinthos was for a century, the most important town of Halkidiki. Its foundation is lost in the mythical years. Some archaeological findings show that in the town’s position used to be a significant prehistoric settlement, which was the town of the classical years.
Thoukidides refers to Ancient Mendi as a colony of Eretria, which was founded in Pallini, the most western peninsula in Halkidiki. The exact year of its foundation its not given, however the presence of Eretris and Halkidis in Northern Greece dates
Akanthos is the most important ancient town-harbor of the Northeast Halkidiki, former colony of the Andris. It was founded in the mid of the 7th century b.c. taking the place of prehistoric settlement.