History and Folklore Museum at Arnaia

History and Folklore Museum at Arnaia

Arnaia is a picturesque little town in Halkidiki, 58 km from Thessaloniki and 37 km from Poliyiros. The museum, which belongs to the municipality, is behind the National Bank in the town centre.

It is housed in a two-storey town-house of the eighteenth century, which was owned by Konstandinos Katsangelos and used to house the folklore collection put together by the Arnaia Cultural and Educational Association. It has been renovated recently and opened as a museum in the summer of 1999.

The purpose of the museum is to display artefacts of the popular culture of Arnaia and the surrounding area.

As one enters the building, the first room contains typical examples of the architectural heritage of Arnaia, and the second traditional folk instruments. Apart from this, on the ground floor there is a display of agricultural implements (for sowing, reaping, threshing), bread-making equipment (millstones, kneading boards, proving troughs, bread-stamps), bee-keeping equipment (hives, frames, an extractor for centrifuging the honey from the cells, skeps), carpentry equipment (vices, moulds for rooftiles and bricks, files, planes).

On the mezzanine floor is the wherewithal for preparing and serving coffee, and on the first floor weaving equipment (a loom, a distaff, cards, a spinning wheel, carding machines), and tools and utensils for everyday use (cooking utensils, receptacles for carrying water, cauldrons, washing troughs, a brazier).

One particularly important exhibit is the Arnaia fire-engine, which is 200 years old and based on the force-pump invented by Ktesibios (285-220 bc). Its basic operating principle is the piston, and it consists of bronze receptacles fitted with two pistons, between which the water passes and is stored in the receptacles.

Special thanks to Prof Vlasis Vlasidis and Macedonian Heritage for text and photos 

 

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